Le baromètre est un instrument de mesure, utilisé en physique et en météorologie, qui sert à mesurer la pression atmosphérique. Il peut, de façon secondaire, servir d'altimètre pour déterminer, de manière approximative, l'altitude.
Le baromètre anéroïde : la pression atmosphérique s'exerce sur une enceinte métallique, hermétiquement close et partiellement vide d'air. Celle-ci se déforme de façon élastique et un système mécanique permet d'amplifier les mouvements qui résultent des variations de pression pour les rendre visibles sur un cadran ou les enregistrer sur une bande de papier millimétré.
Link: The History of Barometer
In 1919 Vittorio Necchi, of Italy's famous Necchi manufacturing family, returned from WWI to take his place running their cast iron foundry in Pavia. He soon saw that the business world was rapidly changing and the family business would need explore a new direction. When his wife asked him to buy her a sewing machine, her only choices were imported models made in the U.S. and northern Europe. Vittorio had an idea: why not create Italy's first sewing machines company?
Vittorio set up his first sewing machine production facility with 40 workers and by 1924 had produced his first model, the Necchi BD. Initially sales were small, but with persistence and constant improvement Necchi soon introduced the BU model with advanced features like a zig zag stitch. Sales began to take off.
By 1946 the Necchi Sewing Machine Company was producing 1,000 machines a day, employing 4,500 workers, and selling to more than 10,000 retailers. Now the U.S. and the rest of Europe were importing these high quality Italian machines.
Throughout the 20th century Necchi continued to innovate with machines like the boldly futuristic Logica and the elegant Mirella, which is part of the permanent collection at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.
Today, Necchi continues Vittorio's tradition of excellent quality and innovative design. Sewists the world over love Necchi machines for their reliable performance and excellent value.
SCHATZ 400 ca. 1950
Schatz 400 Day Anniversary Mantle Clock.
Made in Germany.
Lantern style. 8.5" x 5.5" x 4.5".
Marked Aug. Schatz & Sohne Germany on back.
BAYARD STENTOR REPETITION ca. 1950
When Albert Villon established his clock making shop in 1867 in St Nicholas D'Aliermont in northern France, he specialized in marine clocks and travel/carriage clocks.
During the next decades, the company changed names - from Duverdrey & Bloquel to Bayard and made many models of clocks -including traditional carriage clocks with solid brass cases and bevelled glass fronts, sides and backs and several models also had visible escapements.
In 1978 Bayard was taken over by Jaeger-Levallois from Switzerland. In the 1980's (1982-83) they began reproducing some of the clocks that had originally been manufactured by the first Bayard company, including a line of 'mignonettes' - carriage clocks.
CITIZEN TRANSISTOR CLOCK
Re-wound every 15 days
Made in Japan
The Compagnie Industrielle de Mecanique Horlogerie registered the name Jaz as a trademark in 1919 and used this until 1941 when a bird figure was added above the name.
Why the name JAZ? There are two schools of thought: one believes that it was the first letter of the family names of the original three engineers and the other believes that it was in reference to the new American music sweeping the Continent.
They are known mainly for alarm clocks but produced some 8 day clocks in 1934 which are considered collectable as there are interesting features.
Vintage French wind up alarm clock by Japy.
Case is a gold metal.
Simple round design, small and lightweight.
2.7" (7 cm) tall x 2.3" (6 cm) wide.
PENDULUM CLOCK Made in Japan
Regulator clocks, sometimes referred to as pendulum clocks, were invented in the late 18th century in a quest for greater timekeeping accuracy. They were weight-driven devices and featured a deadbeat escapement (an improvement on the anchor design).
Baby Ben, wind-up alarm clock, made in USA.
EUROPA - RUHLA
Wind-up alarm clock, made in G.D.R.
Wind-up alarm clock.
THE BRITISH COAL MINING COMPANY
Brass miner's lamp. 8 1/2" high, not including the hanger.
Type: Paraffin lamp.
Name: Aberaman Colliery
Serial No. 131062
Made in Wales by the "British Coal Mining Company Wales U.K
LAMPE OLYMPE 1860
Antique French Brass Oil lamp.
Garantie veritable inexplosible a l'essence minerale. Toute lampe Olympe veritable doit porter comme marque de fabrique cinq anneaux graves sur le corps et en haut deux anneaux frappes sur le bec. Securite absolue. Marque deposee. 1860 Olympic rings still visible on brass.
LAMP SUPER ALADDIN
Super Aladdin Chrome plated oil lamp
Made in Belgium
Type: Paraffin lamp
MAZDA 927 LAMPE DE POCHE
Lampe de poche, couleur vert + feu rouge.
Piles Mazda CIPEL (Compagnie industrielle des piles électriques)
Made in France
ALLUME MORSE LAMPE DE POCHE
Ancienne allume morse lampe, couleur bleue.
Made in France.
Duty service in Danang since 1970.
Made in Vietnam.
ERICSSON Bakelite telephone
Made by Ericsson Colombes.
S/n: 202212 A No. 079077
When Ericsson’s Bakelite telephone was first distributed world-wide in the 1930s it was called the Swedish type of telephone and set the standard for how a modern plastic telephone should look.
UNDERWOOD no. 5 1907
Franz X. Wagner and his brother patented a front-stroke typewriter in 1894 that later became known as the Underwood when John Underwood bought the company. While the machine wasn't the first front-stroke typewriter, it became the most successful design that dominated the industry in its day.
The No. 5 was the quintessential Underwood. Millions of these machines were used by secretaries, journalists, government officials, and writers throughout the first half of the twentieth century. Later Underwood were superficially modernized, but retained the same basic mechanism. The name "No. 5" was even given to some of these later typewriters, in honor of the model that made the company's fortune.
The company was founded in New York City in 1895.
The company produced the Underwood No.1 and Underwood No.2 between 1896 and 1900.
The firm merged with Olivetti in 1963 and the Underwood name quickly disappeared from the company’s typewriters, last appearing in Spain in the mid-1980’s.
Year of production: 1907
Serial number: 151505
Company: Underwood Typewriter Company, New York, USA
Type: frontstrike, four bank of keys.
The Underwood 4 should be able to type 76 characters, and the popular Underwood 5 can type 84 characters.
Bought in Paris, November 2011.
JAPY P68 - 1953
Japy P68 portable typewriter (or Japy Personnelle)
Production from 1949 to 1959.
s/n 178203 (1953)
Made in France by Société de Mécanographie Japy at its Beaucourt factory.
Keyboard French AZERTY
Bought in Vietnam, December 2012. ($US 30)
The Japy company was founded in 1771 by George Frédéric Japy (1749-1812), a pioneer in the industrial production of watches. Frédéric Japy was educated in Beaucourt and Montbéliard and from 1768 learned watchmaking in Le Locle, now a part of Switzerland.
Japy died at his mill in Badevel in January 23, 1812. The main street of Beaucourt now bears his name and a museum, which includes Japy typewriters, is dedicated to him. Musée Municipal Japy, is at 16 Rue Frédéric Japy. Before he died, Japy had handed over the running of his company to his sons, and it became known as Établissements Japy Frères, S.A..
In 1910, as part of a broad diversification, Japy Frères started making typewriters. It bought the entire assets of the Remington-Sholes Typewriter Co, which had gone bankrupt in 1909, and with Remington-Sholes tooling and dies reproduced the American company’s visible standard machine as the Japy 3X. The parts were made in Beaucourt and assembled at Arcueil, outside Paris.
In 1931 the first Japy portable, the Japy V, was produced. This was not a success and Japy quickly acquired a license to manufacture beautiful Patria typewriters, from the Swiss Perles company, as the Japy model P6, which was produced from 1937 to 1948. It was mechanically a Patria but with a unique and utterly gorgeous Japy casing.
After World War II, Japy also began making typewriters under licence from another Swiss company, Hermès Paillard, and in 1971 Hermès took over Japy, moving production of such Hermes-designed Beaucourt models as the Message and the Gazelle to Switzerland. In turn, Hermes was taken over by Olivetti.
In 1954 the typewriter branch of Japy Frères become the Société de Mécanographie Japy. From 1949 to 1959 Japy made a second Patria design, one which came from Max Bill (1908–1994), the famous Swiss architect, artist, painter, typeface designer, industrial designer and graphic designer. This was called the P68 or Japy Personnelle.
Links: Japy typewriter database
OLYMPIA FILIA - 1934
Nice rare German Olympia Filia typewriter.
Gloss black typewriter with black solid keys.
I bought it in Paris, vide-grenier, last November 2012 at 20€.
Links: Vintage Typewriter
TRIUMPH ADLER TIPPA
Triumph Adler Tippa Portable Manual Typewriter.
Bought in Vietnam, 2011
Type: Portable Manual Typewriter
Case: black colour, made in Western Germany.
Maker: Triumph Adler Organisation
Original Plate: T - A Organisation - MADE IN HOLLAND
Dimensions: 12" by 12"
Weight: 5 kg