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The Nikon F4 is a 35 mm autofocus (AF) single lens reflex (SLR) film camera, introduced in 1988 as the next generation in Nikon's line of F series professional cameras. With industrial design by Giorgetto Giugiaro, the F4 was the first professional Nikon to feature a practical autofocus system. The F4 is able to accept any of Nikon's manual focus (MF) or AF lenses from 1959 to the present day, including the two F3AF lenses (in Autofocus mode). The F4 succeeded the F3, a manual focus camera introduced in 1980 but outlasted the F4 as it stayed in production until 2001. Nikon introduced its next flagship model, the F5, in 1996. All F4 models were discontinued soon after, in May 1997.
The Nikon FE is an advanced semi-professional level, interchangeable lens, 35mmm SLR manual focus camera introduced by Nikon in 1978. It was replaced with the Nikon FE2 in 1983.
The Nikon EM is a beginner's level, interchangeable lens, 35 mm film, SLR camera. It was manufactured by Nippon Kogaku K. K. (today Nikon Corporation) in Japan from 1979 to 1982 (available new from dealer stock until circa 1984). The camera was designed for and marketed to the growing market of new women photographers then entering the SLR buyer's market.
This camera was Nikon’s smallest and most affordable SLR. It also became the base of the brand’s new line of SLR cameras. Nikon was aiming for the larger amateur market so they knew that they had to make the camera more appealing both to their possible buyers and their respective budget. Since it was made for amateur photographers, it was lighter (thanks to its polycarbonate top and bottom covers and copper aluminum alloy body), less bulky, and was far simpler to use.